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Writing an Annotated Bibliography: Structure and Examples

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Students are forced to write dozens of written pieces during their time at school or university. Often these are reports, essays, or term papers. But sometimes, they have to deal with more complicated assignments, such as an annotated bibliography. Let’s look at the structure of the written project and design examples.

The Notion of Annotated Bibliography

This paper involves a list of references (books, journal articles, websites, etc.) with a short description. These descriptions play vital roles. For instance, they evaluate sources, the reliability of an author, and the writer’s reaction. Each annotation should consist of 150-200 words.

This written piece also helps the student to delve deeper into the topic and create a foundation for a future thesis paper. But not every college and university student is ready to spend time explaining each reference’s choice. Therefore, learners may google “who will write my annotated bibliography” to choose a specific writer for this task.

Types of Annotated Bibliography Structure

Since we know the concept of annotated bibliography, let’s explore different ways to create annotations. You can compose information differently, but first, you should ask your professor about the most appropriate format for future assignments.

Descriptive Bibliography

The name of this assignment type speaks for itself: you simply present a description of each source, identifying the major topics it covers and retelling their content. This format requires no assumptions or arguments in favor of one source or another, just a dry description.

Evaluative Bibliography

This format requires you to review the strong and weak points of each reference and the volume of sources. You should also contrast your sources and explain why this book or article helps analyze the topic.

Informative Bibliography

You need to provide information about the main points and arguments; it is where you can explain why all the references are vital for your paper.

Combined Bibliography

As the name says, you can mix all three types of an annotated bibliography and show all the information about references in an accessible form. However, the entire structure should not be weird but clear enough. For example, you can provide 1-2 sentences of evaluation and another 1-2 lines of informative annotation.

Examples of Annotated Bibliographies

Once we have discovered more facts about this type of academic paper, let’s look at examples of each kind of bibliography.


Breeding evil. (2010, September 12). The Guardian, 465(8879), 9. Retrieved from https://www.theguardian.com/international

This Economist editorial discusses the argument over video games and their effect on gamers. The author claims that the debate over video games is nothing new because there has always been skepticism about new media. The report points out that the majority of persons who oppose gaming are older than 70 than the games themselves. The author predicts that the controversy will dissipate when today’s youth get more senior.

The author of this post emphasizes the positive contributions gaming has made to most facets of human existence while focusing on the age factor as the primary justification for opposition to video games rather than violence. This essay stands out because it is designed for a general readership and examines video game issues from a generational perspective. While emphasizing the age factor as the main argument for opposition to video games rather than violence, the author of this article highlights the beneficial contributions gaming has made to most facets of human existence. This essay distinguishes itself since it is written for a broad audience and analyzes problems with video games from a generational standpoint.


Brooke, D. Thompson, S., Hills, J., Burghundi, D., & Chechik, A. (2012). Imagining a writing and rhetoric program based on principles of knowledge “transfer”: Dartmouth’s Institute for Writing and Rhetoric. Composition Forum, 26. http://compositionforum.com/issue/26/dartmouth.php

In this article, Boone et al. (2012) discuss the writing program at Dartmouth College’s Institute for Writing and Rhetoric as an example of a curriculum based on writing transfer research. The writers outline the program’s existing curriculum and organizational structure, trace its development over time, and think about its potential future directions. Starting from the premise that skills and expertise only seldom transfer in diverse ways, Dartmouth program designers set out to study what kind of knowledge writing is and how this information is shared.

Dartmouth has created a well-designed writing program that serves as a model for other programs of its sort by developing curriculum and course sequences that encourage reflection and links to the following courses. Based on their research, the authors examine the current status of research on the program and its objectives.

This article is a valuable reference for academics and writing program administrators interested in learning how recent findings in text translation might be used to improve programs. The writers thoughtfully consider the accomplishments and difficulties of the programs while providing helpful recommendations and sample programs. This article offers crucial knowledge to anyone wishing to create a writing program appropriate for transfer research.


Coulam, R.F., Douglas, M., Windsor, C. (1977). The Illusion of Choice: The F-111 and the Arms Acquisition Reform Problem. Princeton University Press.

A pivotal study of the controversial Test Tactical Fighter (TFX) program (later known as the F-111), an early 1960s attempt to produce a fighter aircraft with Versatile use for both the Air Force and the Marines. Hindered by many development problems, the Navy eventually abandoned the program; The Air Force decided to continue, but the difficulties continued. Coulam’s title aptly emphasizes the fact that as aircraft development progresses, a point of no return will be reached, at which options become minimal. Given the complex and lengthy nature of the arms acquisition process, the prospects for reform are highly questionable unless the institutions involved are changed, Coulam said.

We hope that these examples will be helpful when creating an annotated bibliography. But if you are unsure about your skill, you can always ask for professional assistance. You can pick one of the dozens of experts in different domains who know everything about the requirements for academic written pieces.

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